For Norway, all permits that require a stay for longer than 90 days are called residence permits. The grounds for applying a residence permit can be work, family reunion, studies etc.
Please note that if you plan to work in Norway you will, as a main rule, need a residence permit even if the stay is planned to be shorter than 90 days.
To read about the different residence permits and requirements please see the webpages of the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) . By entering general information about your nationality and the reason for applying you will get specific information on what documents to present, case processing times etc.